Author Archives: politicuba

About politicuba

Sin el miedo permanentemente inoculado a cada cubano y enemigo del sistema, no habría Revolución. Te revisan para saber cómo chantajearte, cómo amedrentarte: son matones, matones que sacaron a otros matones. Ahí llevan más de 61 años en el centro de la política nacional desde que atacaron Moncada y Carlos Manuel de Céspedes; ahí están en el poder desde 1959, con un sistema depurado de presión y guerra. El que no lo sabe, nada sabe: es sólo un pobre iluso que les hace el juego y se deja arrullar por sus entumecedores cantos. Yo votaba en sus elecciones porque mi madre me lo pedía llorando. Yo escribo estas entradas por sobre el terror de mi esposa que me pide que deje de hacerlo, para que no vayan a tomar medidas con los parientes nuestros en Cuba: desde dejarlos sin empleo hasta meterlos presos con cualquier pretexto. De este modo millones son silenciados. Silencio criminal que es el principal protagonista de nuestra política al lado de la evidente incompetencia de los gobernantes y criminales. Aunque llegue a ser la única voz que disiente, no me callaré, sólo cuando por problema físico o mental ya no pueda, dejarán de haber en este blog nuevas entradas.

Así, con Periodismo, comienza a hacerse un país, lo demás es miseria.


https://www.periodismodebarrio.org/2017/08/28/las-aguas-muertas-del-havana-club/

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by | 2017-09-04 · 11:35 PM

perder 200 años


la verdad no esta donde te dicen,

está donde únicamente tú sospechas

y luego compruebas.

 

he sabido que lo intelectual y manual ha generado siempre importantes contradicciones, ejemplos al vuelo:

-don quijote – sancho

-“las contradicciones entre el trabajo intelectual y manual” (filosofia)

-Marti – Maceo (importantes figuras cubanas del siglo xix)

tambien he notado como pueden fusionarse, como en el caso de los que sin haber tenido gran calado intelectual lograron superar a aquellos mucho mas teoricos, subvertiendo todo el orden y dominando el accionar politico-ideologico por largo tiempo.

TROPEROS Y CHUPATINTAS

en 1997 me encontraba yo recien graduado de medicina en Cuba. Para lograr ser cirujano u otra especialidad que no fuera repetirme y hacerme experto en atencion primaria (en algunos lugares medico “generalista”, “de cabecera”, “familiar”, entre otros) estaba yo de jefe de servicios medicos en una importante Unidad militar cubana en “el bosque”.

era yo una gran dicotomia. habia tenido 2 padres, uno comunista otro gusano; un romance con la URSS otro con el capitalismo; etc.

el jefe de Estado Mayor el bosque me lleva a su oficina y me relata, energico y molesto, los problemas sanitarios que habian (lugares sucios y desorganizados en la Unidad). estabamos en una oficina gigante y organizada vecina con la de El Jefe de “el bosque”. en eso entra mi padre que pasaba cerca de la Unidad y entro a verme. Su llegada fue tan oportuna que cabria preguntarse si todo aquello no fue una emboscada. el jefe se sorprende al ver a mi padre y le dice lo que justo estaba haciendo. mi padre me reprende “tu eres el que tienes que decirle a el que problemas hay, no el a ti”. yo pense “para que? ya el los sabe”.

la reunion quedo disuelta de inmediato y todo siguio igual hasta el punto en que me trasladaron a otra Unidad a los pocos meses.

habian 4 jefes en “el bosque”. “El Jefe”, el Segundo Jefe “compay segundo”, el Jefe de Estado Mayor y el Politico. Mi jefe directo (jefe de Retaguardia) nada pintaba entre los jefes. Nadie le hacia caso. Por tanto, nadie me hacia caso a mi. Ni los jefes mas pequeños (jefes de “Pelotón”).

Yo tenia dos caminos o ganarme a alguno de los 4 jefes o salir de allí. Para ganarme a alguno de los jefes debia hacerme su amigo y esa tarea me resultaba repugnante pues ya tenia yo desde entonces un altisimo concepto de la virtud, y no podia ser amigo de quien no fuera “virtuoso”. De donde saque yo aquello?, no lo sé. Por qué todavia soy así?, no lo sé. y es otra de mis grandes contradicciones, pues yo no soy nada virtuoso.

…acto seguido mi padre entro conmigo a la oficina de “El Jefe”, el cual habia sido promovido en sus credenciales. mi padre muy efusivo lo felicito y le dijo “yo me siento muy bien cuando promueven a un TROPERO, no a un CHUPATINTA”. gran contradiccion tambien, pues mi padre era lo segundo. Es como si un gato del barrio se alegrara de que promovieran a los perros y no a los gatos.

la fuerte contradiccion de aquella frase, y el poco seso y sumision de mi padre me han acompañado por los siguientes 20 años. Lo mas facil habria sido preguntarle. Preguntarles a todos como carajo iba a resolver yo solo tantos problemas sin el apoyo de ellos que tenian la mano de obra bajo su mando, al alcance de unas pocas palabras, al alcance de un solo minuto de su tiempo.

La respuesta que me doy es la siguiente. El Jefe no me queria allí. por la simple razon de que el acababa de perder a la mayor de sus dos hijas en un aparatoso accidente en el auto particular de El Jeje. El auto termino una galleta de metal. Un zapato de la joven no pudo ser arrancado de entre los pliegues de aquella galleta, aquella arquitectura trajica que “El Jefe” tenia en un rincon de “el bosque” (no sé para que).

El Jefe no me queria allí porque yo le recordaba a su hija. hacia apenas 8 años yo habia volado a su tierra para encontrarme con ella, y luego de unos 10 dias juntos la relacion terminó y nunca más supimos uno del otro.

el resto de los jefes seguian los impulsos de El Jefe como sigue cada pez el movimiento de su vecino en la mancha de peces. Hasta mi padre calló y cayó.

Sólo yo percibía lo que ocurría. Como si fuera el único expectador de una telenovela y, aún así, sin hacer nada para romper aquel encanto, pues por motivo de mi amor a la virtud, no me interesaba hacerlo. Fue mayor mi repugnancia por aquellos personajes, que mi deseo de triunfar como jefe o como nada. No podia pagar aquel precio para que la situacion de los servicios medicos mejorara, y me fueron (manera graciosa que tenemos de decir “me expulsaron”)

de la historia de Cuba saco:

TROPEROS (T). maceo, gomez

CHUPATINTAS. marti

CHUPATINTATROPEROS (CT). ignacio, mella, fidel, raul, che, camilo

grandes choques entre CHUPATINTA y TROPEROS: los muchos entre marti y gomez-maceos

la historia de Cuba en los ultimos 122, desde que cayera martí, ha sido dominada por los CT de dentro y fuera. La esencia pura, el arte, el amor, la mejor educacion, la persuacion absoluta por medio de la cultura del civismo, del bien comportarse y educarse; no creo que lleguen ni siguiera en este siglo. A lo mejor para el siglo que viene. Cuba perdió mas de 200 años, el 19 de mayo de 1895.

http://noticias.caracoltv.com/septimo-dia/drama-de-inmigrantes-ilegales-en-colombia-la-suerte-esta-en-los-pies

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by | 2017-03-25 · 6:50 AM

2018


la situación política de Cuba puede evolucionar de este modo o seguir todo igual por 20 años mas en dependencia de la profundidad de los elementos en *1 que terminen llevando a un efectivo *2 en ausencia de los Castro.

*1
empeoramiento de la situación económica de la mano de estas tendencias:

cuba no encontrara efectivos resortes para insertarse en la economía mundial,
a Maduro le puede quedar apenas uno o dos anos y la region en general retrocede en su apoyo económico a cuba,
la emigración disminuye con las medicas tomadas por Obama/mantenidas por Trump,
envejecimiento de la población cubana dentro y fuera del país

*2
aumento de la población inconforme que desemboque en otro Maleconazo que no sea abortado por los golpes, disparos y cárcel. este evento se produciría ya en ausencia de los castro, demonios con mecanismos muy dinámicos altamente eficientes por las muchas décadas en el poder.
A partir de un Maleconazo no frustrado cualquier cosa puede ocurrir con un pueblo en pleno en las calles exigiendo cambio de sistema económico-politico que se haga efectivo aprobando otros partidos (además del comunista), estableciendo un organismo mixto balanceado formado por diferentes corrientes políticas para control de las elecciones regionales (cada circunscripción, municipio, provincia), parlamentaria y presidencial.

este ha sido el sueño de muchos por mas de 20 años desde los eventos de agosto 5 de 1994. el gobierno cubano ha logrado resistir y capear las tendencias de cada momento.
A partir del próximo año otro escenario comienza a conformarse y la ausencia de los castro puede ser en definitiva el elemento mas influyente junto a los enumerados en *1.
que se produzca un desenlace como el descrito en *2 o que la situación sea controlada por los nuevos dirigentes pro castrismo en el poder, también dependerá un poco de lo que las redes de información logren alcanzar dentro de las mentes de cada cubano, que en definitiva sera lo que determine si aquello se va a volina o no, y lo que siempre ha manejado el regimen para tener suficiente apoyo y salir airoso de cada crisis pues el balance siempre les ha resultado positivo en esta area ya que los inconformes se van o terminan siendo controlados por diferentes medios (amenazas, golpes, cárcel y muerte; algunos habrán también que fueron comprados: de todo habrá siempre en este mundo)

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by | 2017-03-19 · 8:55 AM

Biggest surprise in my life:


https://www.gse.harvard.edu/news/14/09/8×8-hgse-faculty-share-their-bold-ideas-improve-education

Gran sorpresa! EEUU quiere reformar su sistema de educación. Ojalá lo logren y sea cierto:

img_0385
https://www.gse.harvard.edu/news/14/09/8×8-hgse-faculty-share-their-bold-ideas-improve-education

img_0384

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by | 2017-01-08 · 8:26 PM

Silvio Rodriguez, P E D O F i L i A – Y – compromisos políticos



P  E  D  O  F  i  L  i  A  –  Y  –  compromisos políticos

Silvio Rodríguez

**Hago saber que tal vez son sólo coincidencias:

1.) cuando yo estudiaba, todos teníamos 17 o menos, (Silvio nos llevaba unos 30 años) había una niña en mi escuela que todos decían era novia de Silvio

2.) 20 años después leyendo un libro de Norberto Fuentes , amigo de Fidel, Raúl y decenas de miembros de la cúpula del gobierno cubano en los 80, encontré que describe a Silvio como un habilidoso que usaba su fama para encantar muchachitas. El propio Silvio en una de sus canciones dice que es feliz mientras hace y rehace canciones, habitando el tiempo, como le cuadra a un hombre despierto…. Norberto y decenas de otros testigos cercanos, incluídos miembros de la seguridad de Fidel y Raúl, embajadores, etc, han denunciado como los hermanos Castro gustaban de grabar a todo el mundo, para tener siempre material abundante en sus juegos de mafia. Un ejemplo muy público fue cuando Fidel mostró a todo el mundo su conversación telefónica con el expresidente de Mexico Vicente Fox, donde este le pedía que se retirara de México en un momento determinado de su visita….

¿CUANTOS KILOMETROS DE GRABACIONES TENDRÁN DE SILVIO? posiblemente tantos como Silvio ha grabado para conquistar niñas.

http://libretadenorberto.blogspot.com/2014/08/mi-querido-silvio-te-hayan-mandado-o-no.html?m=1

*

3.)”A Silvio Rodríguez le va bien porque cobra muy bien y está de la mano con el Gobierno, salúdenmelo por cierto. Fuimos novios cuando yo tenía 17 o 18 años: http://www.planoinformativo.com/nota/id/315631/noticia/niurka-confeso-haber-sido-novia-de-silvio-rodriguez.html

 

 

23 de Agosto de 2014:
PEOR QUE EL REGAETON

“…NiÑasde propiedad pública“:

¿SI TÚ LO DICES?: http://segundacita.blogspot.com/2014/09/en-la-encrucijada-economica.html?showComment=1412164543864#c8732832421152691237

***



EL HOMBRE NUEVO

en una institución del gobierno cubano comenzó su discurso con esta pregunta:

¿podemos sin embargo, en conciencia, sentirnos satisfechos de nuestra educación revolucionaria, entendiendo por tal no sólo la que se imparte en las aulas sino también la que se manifiesta y vive en las calles y los campos de la patria?

…por supuesto, yo esperaba que la respuesta fuera , en cambio, ¡vaya sorpresa!, sin contestar a su propia pregunta continuó con una lista de como debería ser la educación en Cuba y me detengo en el punto 5 (de 10 en total):

La única información educativa es la información irrestricta.

mas adelante nos aclara:

(perfeccionamiento de la educación hasta que no haya cubano que, entre otras cosas) desconozca, la poesía, la leyenda y la novela de la patria, sin que por ello se le oculten las caídas, los vicios y las lacras.

Si algo necesitamos rescatar de nuestras mejores tradiciones, ello es la fineza en el trato, el comedimiento y la moderación en todas nuestras expresiones personales y sociales.

¿Sería mucho pedir a nuestra educación, por ejemplo una campaña nacional en favor del no hablar a gritos fuera del ámbito escolar y de no subir los decibeles de la música, o supuesta música, hasta el mero estruendo vibratorio de los amplificadores electrónicos?

…un pueblo de costumbres incultas no puede ser en verdad, martianamente hablando, un pueblo libre.

y termina formidable, declarando para que es la educación:

Su objetivo más alto: la vida como servicio y como poesía.
…tiene que empezar la lucha contra el despotismo de la tecnología generadora de una seudocultura cada vez más dueña y señora del alma de los hombres… –lo propongo en primer lugar a los educadores (cubanos)…

…Grave error sería pensar que las concesiones en este terreno, por pequeñas que sean, no tienen consecuencias. Pero no se trata de reprimir, de censurar, de prohibir, procedimientos que siempre han sido contraproducentes, sino de realmente educar las apetencias, de enriquecer las opciones, de mostrar las calidades superiores de la vida, de refinar los placeres, de comunicar los instintos con el arte, la belleza con el bien…

Por Cintio Vitier (1921-2009)

(Conferencia Magistral ofrecida el 27 de diciembre de 2006 en el Aula Magna de la Universidad de La Habana)

De cada cual depende que los medios sean para información/comunicación o para justamente todos lo contrario, desinformacion|incomunicación. No nos sobra el tiempo, la verdadera cultura nos es necesaria para el sano disfrute, comunicacion y para todo en la vida.


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=


No permitas que ideas o doctrina alguna sean tu guía, el castrismo es la única ley y realidad en Cuba

Let not doctrines and ideas be your guide. The Führer is Germany’s only reality and law

2 Comments

by | 2016-11-19 · 9:45 AM

4


quiero volver a ella, no está;
quiero volver a mi padre, no hay padre;
quiero volver a la gente, no hay gente;
quiero volver a mi tierra, no hay tierra:
sólo soledad y la mayor libertad:
Andar es todo lo que me queda 

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by | 2016-11-16 · 11:32 AM

3


imageLos 3 estados:

-revolucionario el que quiere cambiarlo todo.

-Progresista el que quiere que las cosas funcionen mejor y hace todo a su alcance para que ello pase.

-conformista, el partido siempre mayoritario.

todo hombre inteligente es capaz de encontrar un balance entre los 3 estados, para no perecer

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by | 2016-06-19 · 5:19 AM

rivals


to be a very useful propaganda icon 4 communism since 1959: as he died very young, only 39y/o (in 1967), was a formidable tool to be transformed in a saint.

alive, he was not a José Martí, a Maceo, a Gomez, a Fidel Castro but a good soldier who failed to pair those who really moved their people to new achiavable goals.

was not Cuban and fought for Cubans’ revolution which has been very useful to construct the icon, but failed (as failed the rest of the leaders) to leave even in Cuba a long term revolution of its Education and Economy: so they are perishable Mickey Mouse revolutions (You will see)

Che: an instrument, even more useful dead than when alive. A powerful one to contribute to changes driven by communism in the world. An instrument that goes on, while others failed for ever: this has been his only achievement, to always go on in the mind of those that know nothing about Che or Communism (fans are the same always: a lot of passion, a lot of wind, a lot of more of the same, a lack of doing what really is important for their lives to improve, an avoidence like when one is doing drugs; a dream, very useful to continue being a useless person).

…and all these are positive achievements, anything that is necessary is possitive, too many people need Che, hopefuly they are fewer with the time, he’s got a rival (steve jobs)

image
image

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by | 2016-05-24 · 3:42 AM

What we need


we do not need all the answers to speak up but courage

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by | 2016-02-25 · 7:53 PM

revolucion


Revolución No es llenar el pais de escuelas para impartir clases que enseñan a leer pero no motivan el profundo entendimiento de los objetos de estudio y cuartan la libertad para lograrlo; para luego salir a inspirar temor y recelo, con aquel aire de raza superior y omnisciente, que grita a todo pulmón todo de cuanto carece: justo cuanto necesitan otros para iniciar su revolución.
No es quedarse en pañales y gateando eternamente, desaprovechando cuanta oportunidad y avance se presenta.
No es vivir la inercia de la cultura del conformismo,  y la estridente mediocridad que todo toca y todo mueve, pero nada cambia.
No es acorazarse a resistir cada embate: es abrirse al mundo.
No es mentir.
No es mandar.
Es entregarse, invertir, innovar, fabricar, ser la alegria que ama mientras labora, y nadie deja de laborar, del modo más inteligente.
Seguimos esperando que empiece la Revolución, que desate todas esas fuerzas permanentes para el bien y el mejoramiente eterno de la humanidad.

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by | 2016-02-25 · 12:40 PM

el mes que viene


(obama visitara al jefe de los enanos)

Un día
los enanos se rebelarán
contra Gulliver.
Todos los hombres de corazón diminuto
armados con palos y con hoces
asaltarán al único gigante
con sus pequeños rencores, con su bilis,
con su rabia de enanos afeitados y miopes.
Pobre de tí, Gulliver, pobre de tí,
el día que todos los enanos
unan sus herramientas y su odio,
sus costumbres, sus vicios, sus carteras,
sus horarios. No podrán, no podrán,
no podrán perdonarte que seas alto.
Para ellos la generosidad no es más que un lujo que no pueden pagarse,
viven alimentados por la envidia que los habita en forma de costumbre.
Míralos revolverse recelosos tras sus gafas de concha.
Te acusarán, te acusarán, te acusarán:
de ser el tuerto en el país de los ciegos,
de ser quien habla en el país de los mudos,
de ser el loco en el país de los cuerdos,
de andar en el país de los cansados,
de ser sabio en el país de los necios,
de ser malo en el país de los buenos,
de divertirte en el país de los serios,
de estar libre en el país de los presos,
de estar vivo en el país de los enanos,
de ser la voz que clama en el desierto,
de ser la voz que clama en el desierto

Joaquín Sabina: “Es un antipanfleto. Se dirige contra los que creen que la igualdad consiste en cortarles la cabeza a los más altos.”
Título: Gulliver
Año: 1980
Letra: Joaquín Sabina
Música: Joaquín Sabina
Disco: Malas Compañías (1980)

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by | 2016-02-24 · 6:50 AM

CARNE Y CORAZA


lo que llaman revolucion cubana es carne y coraza que se pudren en el tiempo.

lo unico verdadero y permanente es un pueblo mediocre, pusilanime y blando.

un pueblo incapaz de negociar con nadie y crecer:

a el solo le importa la guaracha; y al que no, se acostumbra a la basofia o se larga

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by | 2016-02-24 · 6:44 AM

suerte americana


que vuestro presidente se va en Enero: el nuestro, Quien sabe?! (obama y castro)

seguiremos arranstrando con tanto que hay que cambiar por 60 anos mas

…pero hay esperanza; si corea, putin y el loco en la casa blanca no nos desaparecen (a todos)

dentro unos 10 a 20 anos ninguno de estos estara merodeando efectivamente por ahi, y tal vez entonces algo cambie

hay que seguirselos metiendo

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by | 2016-02-23 · 3:09 AM

6 gansters sobre el suelo en que nacimos, Cuba


Cuba 331

¿Considera que la Cuba castrista ha ganado el pulso a EE.UU.?

**Él:
—Sí, totalmente. También depende de a lo que llamamos ganar. Si resistir es vencer, llegar a los 50 años de un proceso en el cual la isla está destruida, la economía no tiene mucho que enseñar… Es una victoria personal, sobre todo de Fidel Castro. Vencieron en que se van a morir en el poder, en Cuba en una cama, sin que nadie los arrastre ni los cuelgue de una farola. «La relación entre los dos hermanos, por parte de Raúl, fue la de un golpe de Estado en estado latente»

Yo:
— No. El planteamiento de los Castro era desarrollar el país. Se entregaron por 30 años a la URSS, que siempre los traicionó. Dejan un país en ruínas: perdieron.
No hay vencedor. Hay pena en el alma de todos los humanos de bien; los que quieren una Cuba culta y madura. Una Cuba de Martí. Es cierto que esta dictadura de izquierda ha sido mejor que aquella de derecha y nos pone en el camino de ser un gran pueblo todavía, y que tal vez sea el único camino para que logremos la Cuba de Martí, luego de sufrir las calamidades de ambos bandos (capitalismo y socialismo)

—¿El embargo es la excusa que justifica muchas cosas en Cuba, como el subdesarrollo?

Nosotros (Norberto y yo):
—…es una mecánica inherente de la revolución. El contragolpe, si tú me golpeas, yo avanzo. En el proceso de la revolución cubana fue definitiva por ejemplo la invasión de Bahía de Cochinos, consolidó el poder de Fidel Castro para siempre.

Yo:
… la verdadera causa de todos los problemas en Cuba es la falta de revolución en su sistema de educación y ausencia de libre empresa; ambos problemas duran casi 58 años, debido al absolutismo obtuso de los hermanos dueños de todo en el país. Alérgico a todo monopolio, Che abandonó a los Castro, prefería la muerte. Cuba se revolucionará y será un gran país. Los cubanos lo merecemos porque tuvimos un Martí gigante y sabio que nos enseñó a ser infinitos e invencibles.
Por todo esto Fidel No Es: “Inteligente, muy intuitivo políticamente, con una visión casi parapsicológica de lo que puede ocurrir, con mucha cultura política.”
Es sólo un ganster “de izquierda” que supo ser mejor que el otro “de derecha”.
El que sí tenía esas cualidades era Che, y tú lo sabes Norberto**. La historia siempre le dio la razon. De estos tres gansters, Che siempre fue el mejor, pero le tocó ceder ante el más fuerte e ir a morir a orilla de su país.
Hoy queda ya tan sólo el 4to ganster, ocupándose de los asuntos finales de sus allegados para cuando ya no esté ni él ni el hermano, el devenir sea piadoso con todos ellos, como lo fue con lo que dejó Che. El papa Francisco y Obama, entre otros, lo están ayudando. (¿Cómo se le llama a los “grandes” que ayudan a los gansters?)

**quien es Él (Norberto):
Norberto Fuentes
(La Habana, 1943) se considera dos veces disidente: del exilio de Miami -donde reside- y del régimen comunista cubano. El autor de origen burgués, «metodista, boy scout y fan de Elvis» vio en la revolución castrista «una oportunidad única de tener una experiencia para escribir». Llegó a ser referente intelectual, amigo y confidente de los hermanos Castro, sobre todo en la década de los ochenta. Pero cayó en desgracia dos veces. La primera tras escribir «Condenados de Condado», «el primer libro disidente que se publicó en Cuba (1968)», recalca Fuentes. La segunda, y definitiva, ocurrió después de que Fidel Castro ordenase fusilar en 1989 a su amigo del alma el coronel Antonio de la Guardia, entre otros, en una trama de narcotráfico y corrupción (caso Ochoa) que marcó un antes y un después de la dictadura cubana. Norberto Fuentes fue entonces recluido en su casa, se declaró en huelga de hambre e intentó huir de la isla como balsero, hasta que medió Gabriel García Márquez y en 1994 pudo salir del país. «Yo lo único que quería y quiero es escribir. La bronca de Fidel conmigo era por motivos ideológicos, la del exilio conmigo es por intereses mucho más bastardos, la contrarrevolución es un negocio y yo no entro en eso», explica sobre su doble disidencia. Norberto Fuentes acaba de publicar la versión reducida de «La autobiografía de Fidel Castro» (Stella Maris), donde recurre a las confidencias del expresidente cubano, a fuentes de archivo y a testimonios orales para revelar intimidades y cómo pensaba en momentos cruciales el hoy anciano líder del castrismo.

Quien soy yo: viví hasta los 30 en Cuba, después (2004-2007) en Venezuela, Pakistán y Colombia. Luego en Miami hasta hoy. Médico desde 1997. Mi padre entregó 99% de su vida a la revolución. Un hermano suyo es el actual vice ministro de economía y planificación de Cuba. Sí, tengo miedo; pero más temo a ese silencio que mata lo mejor de los cubanos.

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by | 2015-12-11 · 1:19 AM

REASON FOR ALL HORRORS: _Media_ and schools


IMG_2408[1]

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repression


started with a cage containing five monkeys. Inside the cage, they hung a banana on a string with a set of stairs placed under it. Before long, a monkey went to the stairs and started to climb towards the banana. As soon as he started up the stairs, the psychologists sprayed all of the other monkeys with ice cold water. After a while, another monkey made an attempt to obtain the banana. As soon as his foot touched the stairs, all of the other monkeys were sprayed with ice cold water. It wasn’t long before all of the other monkeys would physically prevent any monkey from climbing the stairs.
Now, the psychologists shut off the cold water, removed one monkey from the cage and replaced it with a new one. The new monkey saw the banana and started to climb the stairs. To his surprise and horror, all of the other monkeys attacked him. After another attempt and attack, he discovered that if he tried to climb the stairs, he would be assaulted. Next they removed another of the original five monkeys and replaced it with a new one. The newcomer went to the stairs and was attacked. The previous newcomer took part in the punishment with enthusiasm! Likewise, they replaced a third original monkey with a new one, then a fourth, then the fifth. Every time the newest monkey tried to climb the stairs, he was attacked. The monkeys had no idea why they were not permitted to climb the stairs or why they were beating any monkey that tried. After replacing all the original monkeys, none of the remaining monkeys had ever been sprayed with cold water. Nevertheless, no monkey ever again approached the stairs to try for the banana. Why not? Because as far as they know that’s the way it’s always been around here.

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60/60


por +60 años.
el complot entre los CCC (caribeños criminales de color) terminó con la vida del hombre que derigía la contienda contra la apropiación de Cuba por los yanquis (José Martí). consecuentemente el archipiélago padeció la presencia norteamericana que logró mantener a raya los sueños del apostol, de los que se armaron los “revolucionarios” para expulsarlos por un tiempo (a los norteamericanos y a los propios sueños)

por +60 años.
por más de 6 décadas han peleado los CCC (castro criminales comunistas) para alejar a los estadounidenses de estas tierras, pero ya vuelven.

Martí seguirá esperando, tras 60+60 años. Lo peor es que ahora muchos piensan, “¡Que siga esperando!”, son el producto de tantas Cs, que han marcado el camino de cuba. Ellos no tienen la culpa, piensan como viven, cómo han sido “educados”, merecen la vuelta de los americanos.

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LEGACY


THERE IS NOT LEGACY without honesty.

There is not honesty without laws following reality, without justicy for all, the rules to live honestly which is the requisite for José Martí’s dream for humanity.

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Sílvió?


moriras antes de saber tanto que necesitas? quien sabe? hay una montaña de dolores que te lo impide y sabiendo de tu temperamento (debilidad) no creo que puedas superarla para ver tantas verdades:

quien fue, que escribió josé julián martí pérez, que quería para cuba y el mundo;

quienes son los esbirros que tanto defiendes, y de los que eres fiel y docil criatura: no puedes ser de otro modo;

los atisbos de libertad en tus escritos (incluidas tus canciones) es con lo que algunos se han quedado, son la luz bajo ese everest de escombros de carne con madera en el que te debates inteligible hasta para ti mismo. la oscuridad te ahoga y te conviertes en subdito de Martinez Campo y Weyler, mientras hablas estar entre las filas de los mambises con Martí, Agramonte, Maceo y Gomez. así de inefable es tu discurso;

Habra un tercera cita? quien sabe? lastima que solo vivamos 100 años, tal vez en 200 otro silvio naceria, limpio y puro como tu cancion La Libertad tiene alma clara, y solo canta cuando va batiendo alas…

en cuba reina la monarquia, un solo poder. no lo sabes?, cuanta ignorancia! de estos poderes: Medios, Judicial, Legislativo; cual no está usurpado en Cuba por el Ejecutivo (Raul castro)? Cual de ellos no lo estuvo totalmente por su hermano? Puedes argumentar tu respuesta? puede algún país moderno avanzar en semejantes circunstancias? era eso lo que queria Martí? por que insistes en tapar ese sol con un dedo? deja deja, yo se que vas a salir con la Vieja Trova de que estamos en guerra y que en la guerra el Partido Unico y la Unidad, etc…. bueno sigan con ese cuento, sigan estancados en el tiempo y en la guerra.

Lástima que no viviremos 200 años.

Cuba no es China.

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i came from


I come from a communist country and though my parents got me out of there when I was four I heard enough stories to be very grateful that they got me out of there. I have a lot of family still there who I keep in touch with and again thank goodness I’m here and not there. Unless you you want to be stripped of all your freedoms and have the government control your life you wouldn’t like it. Unless you want no choices on laws passed and voting rights you wouldn’t like it. Unless you want to never advance in your field, run your own business and travel where ever you want you wouldn’t like it. Sure free medical but how free is it when you have to wait a year for an MRI? People who haven’t lived it will never understand it. Sure if the communists running the country was a great man looking out for his country then he wouldn’t be afraid of free elections so since people have no say in who’s running it they do what they want

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la iglesia? Tumba


ha sido una alianza indestructible y que siempre actuó en interés de socavar y apurar la pulverización de la Revolución Cubana. Pero en 1961 todos los curas estaban expulsados y desde enero de ese año se habían roto las relaciones con los Estados Unidos. (Tengo entendido que, desde entonces, las actividades de inteligencia en Cuba se la pasaron los americanos a los ingleses.)

Resultaron lentos en producir un cambio o al menos en obtener algunos resultados, aparte de que fue sorprendente y descomunal el espíritu de resistencia cubano frente a las vicisitudes impuestas por el embargo económico y sus amenazas militares. No quita que fuera un pueblo que aún supiera bromear y hasta divertirse a costa de las penurias. Con ese entusiasmo de carnaval solíamos decir que en Cuba lo que no estaba prohibido, era obligatorio. Era una interpretación popular de “la necesidad táctica” que a veces las autoridades debían tomar, ciertas medidas represivas, o para decirlo más amablemente, profilaxis social. Está el caso de la persecución a los homosexuales (convertidos de pronto en enemigos potenciales del comunismo) y en prohibir a los jóvenes católicos que estudiaran en las universidades. Y si ya te habías colado y te descubrían, la expulsión era inmediata y sin apelaciones. Recuerdo que una noche en mi casa, alrededor de una botella de ron, donde estaba uno de mis encumbrados amigotes militares, el general de división Fabián Escalante, nombre de guerra “Roberto”, jefe de la Dirección Política Central del Ministerio de Interior, y el irreverente y simpatiquísimo poeta Raúl Rivero, se habló que esas medidas punitivas se estaban revisando. Entonces Raúl, ya bien sazonado en alcohol, dijo: “Coño, Roberto, yo estoy dispuesto a regresar a la iglesia y hacer la comunión si la Revolución me lo pide, ¡pero que me obliguen a tocarle la vianda a un compañero!” Para los neófitos: vianda es una de las tantas acepciones cubanas para designar el miembro viril masculino.

Bien pues, llegamos a ese día luminoso del regreso al redil. Porque Raúl Castro acaba de decir en Roma, luego de su reunión a cámara cerrada con el Papa Francisco, que “…si el Papa sigue así, yo volveré a rezar y volveré a la Iglesia, y no lo digo por broma.”

No sé si se darán cuenta de que es Raúl Castro el que está otorgando el perdón. Claro, nunca deja de ser un Castro Ruz. No lo digo en forma peyorativa. No hay otro mecanismo de liderazgo posible en una revolución que además se produce sobre una población hasta ayer inculta, indisciplinada, chusma y con siete varas de hambre. Decididamente si los cubanos hoy son otras, y lo mismo, se lo deben a Dios o a la “Revolución”, para ellos la misma cosa, y se lo deben sobre todo a la educación altamente mediocre que hay en todas partes. Pero, al igual que con sus acuerdos con el presidente Obama, en su entente de estreno con el Papa Francisco, Raúl Castro no ha entregado nada. A menos que ustedes consideran que hablar y decir sinecuras y escanciar elogios sea alguna clase de concesión estratégica o política.

No veo nada novedoso, se los confieso. Un día de 1996, apenas llegado al exilio, fui invitado a dar una conferencia en el llamado “mall” de la CIA. Sí, en Langley, Virginia. Con el anfiteatro lleno. Y casi todas las preguntas de los presentes estuvieron dirigidas a conocer mi apreciación sobre las posibilidades de la iglesia en Cuba. Ah, pensé, la vieja alianza se despereza. El eje Washington-Roma revive. “Todas las que ustedes quieran —recuerdo que más o menos dije (no tengo la transcripción conmigo)— pero después que ustedes capitulen.”

En fin, que la única novedad posible aquí, no es que Raúl Castro regrese al redil. Es que el Papa Francisco pida su ingreso en el Partido Comunista.

Publicado en La Repubblica como “Ma dietro quella pecorella smarrita le mosse di un político abile” el 11/5/2015 y en La Tercera el 12/5/2015 (supongo)

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i know:


Be WITH the person you love, that love you too. This is the most important fact ever. Be sure it is Love, do not be ignorant on Love facts and also:

  • eat well (avoid sugar, salt, animal fat, dairy, gluten, diet drinks… On the other hand Eat nuts, vegetables, fish, BBQ…)

  • exercise: do whatever is possible for u during at least 5 min bit do it well; if you can do it for an hour, great! Do it before 6:00 PM so that you can cool down and sleep

  • Relax;

  • Sleep well;

  • Avoid worries;

  • Do good, be confident u r doing good;

  • Do what u love and make love;

  • Do not take anything so serious;

  • Change what u can and leave what u can not if it is killing u;

  • Treat any addiction, do not exagerate on nothing, be far from any extreme and The peace will be with U. Nothing will disturb u mostly if u know that a ship only can be sank if the water get inside it. Do not attach to anything. Let all go but hope and good thoughts.

Do not believe in what doctors recommend blindly. read, look for others opinions

Learn what are the good sources to believe (internet sites, persons, publications) most recommendation are opinions not science. It’s science to do what is needed to detect cancer early (uterus, colon, prostate, skin,lung) and to determine your lipids (fat) in blood and to know what is your family hereditary condition. Keep your blood presure under 120/80 or as low as your age and medical conditions allow you… The secret is to be in control. check those parameters at least once yearly if always are normal and you feel ok but follow weekly or montly the one that went wrong but above all be happy and relax, sleep and eat well… Happiness produce substances that cure most problems. It is true.

Is easy to know what to do. The difficult is to do it.

Source: Medicine has been my bussiness in 5 countries over the last 25 years.

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The most draining aspect of medical training, it turns out, is not long hours, brash colleagues or steep learning curves — it’s the feeling that you’re often unable to be there with and for your patients in the way you want, in the way you’d always imagined you would be


Surely patients want to be seen and treated in a timely manner, but when we sacrifice empathy for efficiency we fuel what lays at the core of patient — and physician — discontent with modern medicine. We hide behind buzzwords like “patient-centeredness” and “shared decision-making” without being able to offer the time that gives these terms true weight. Ultimately, reconciling this tension may mean reconceptualizing “efficiency” to include the tremendous value that exists in having more time to spend with our patients.

When I think back to that morning with my patient, and many mornings like it, terms like efficiency and productivity seem to lose their meaning. I think of the countless opportunities for compassion I squander every day in pursuit of something far less meaningful to patient and doctor. And I think, next time, I’ll sit.

Dhruv Khullar, M.D., MPP, is a resident physician at Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School. Follow him on Twitter: @DhruvKhullar.

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BILL


We had a patient at this time and his name was “Bill.” Well, “Bill” came to us, he would not even talk. He would not eat because he thought food was poisoned. The man was about 90 pounds. Can you imagine thinking your food was poisoned? How scary that must be. He would go into the bathroom and spit until he had no saliva because he thought we were trying to kill him. He would hold his bladder because he feared going to the bathroom. He had a look of fear in his eyes, he was scared of everyone and everything. Then we had to force him to take medications. In his mind, he was at a place that was trying to kill him, poison his food and kill him. He then is told he has to take medication that makes him sick, tired, and shaky. Then he is told he has to take it and is locked up if he refuses. Imagine that as your reality for a moment. He would not even sleep. It was torture I am sure. It was heartbreaking. He had no family to come visit, he would never come to groups, and he would never participate. No one really cared. We got his money every month, we wrote a note on him every day and got paid. He had a place to stay. His social worker figured he was ok and would work on a new placement for him. But treatment? How was he getting any treatment? Staff did not care, they got through their shift. I did not care anymore, this was the blow that was ending it all for me. It is official, this is a fraud and I cannot help anyone or anything. I give up.

Then the staff meeting I described above in which I let loose on everyone. I blew up and it all came out in an angry speech in front of all staff at the meeting.

As I sat in my office with my heart pounding and my heart racing and emotions all over the place. I hear a knock on the door. I say “come in.”

It was Lonny. Lonny was the business manager of the place. He was the one that collected the money and paid the bills. He was a kind and direct man. I always wondered how he could take money from these people who had nothing. He did it every day, which was his job. He was not a bad man, he was a good man. He had a difficult job. He did not speak often, but when he did, it was important and meaningful.

So my thought as he walks in is “Oh my god he is going to give me a lecture about this, but I do not care I am quitting anyways.”

He said, “Can I sit down.”

I said “sure.”

He said to me, “I was thinking about what you said. What have we done for Bill? What are we even doing? And I think I have an answer for you.”

I said, “Ok.” I was thinking, “I cannot wait to hear this one.”

He said, “Well maybe if we do well, Bill will have a place that he can go back to some time in his life and say, you know the world is a scary place, but there is a place that I was at for 90 days that was not so scary. People were nice to me, they took care of me and listened to me. So maybe the whole world is not so bad. Maybe we can plant seeds in his mind that he will use later.”

I said “How do we get to that, he will not even talk. He is scared and no one cares.”

He responded. “Start by saying hi every day. Smile at him. Regardless of his response. Let’s just start with hello.”

This conversation changed my life. I am rarely speechless, but this was one of those times. My mind went blank. It was all still. All the emotions were gone and my mind was blank. It was like once again in my life when I could not take anymore. I was delivered a message to continue and to go on. I was given a spark of hope and a different way of thinking from a most unlikely source.

Every moment in life can teach us lessons, and every person is a possible teacher. If we are not fully present in each moment, we miss out on the lesson. IF we have preconceived notions about others, we miss the lesson. If we are elsewhere in our mind, we miss the moment. If we miss the moment, we mess with the future. Every moment builds on the next, which is how the future is built. Moment after moment.

I never thought this man had this life changing lesson for me. When I was broke, defeated, and had given up on my life’s passion. The man who pulled me up was Lonny.

I started to listen to this advice. I said hi. Nothing at first. For a couple weeks. Hi how are you doing? Then one day, it happened. “Bill” looked up at me, and said hi. Then he smiled. Then he would say he is “doing fine.”

I watched him start to talk to other people as well. Others would talk to him and be good to him. Now the same staff that were zombies were still being zombies. But my mind was not focused on them anymore. It was focused on the 2 or 3 staff that were trying every day to make a difference in each moment that they had. These were the people that I was not noticing before, because my inner turmoil did not want to see it. Now I saw it.

One staff. Her name was “Rochelle,” would give everything she had to each patient and in each moment. If they wanted to walk, she would go for a walk, they were the most important people to her in that moment. She also heard all the negativity, however it did not disturb her. I was in awe of how she did this. Maybe it did bother her, but it did not seem like it. For each patient, the moment they were with her, they were the most important person in the world. How had I not noticed this before?

“Bill” eventually got better. I mean not completely. He shaved his head, he was smiling and talking to us about his life. He actually was eating. He would still eat as fast as possible and cover it up, but he would eat. He was no longer afraid of the bathroom. It was amazing.

I go back to Lonny’s words often. Planting seeds. Sometimes we just need to do the best we can do and let go of the results. Sometimes we won’t see the results. Sometimes the results we see for other people will not be what we want for the other person, but it is not about us. It is about them. It may be that they got the result that they wanted. We cannot define another person’s success by our expectations and standards. What is their goal, and how can we help them. Do they even want help? We are like the passenger with a road map that points out things. They are the driver, it is their journey. Sometimes all we can do is make someone feel safe, or plant seeds. Or make them feel like the most important person in the world for that moment.

I thought for a long time that I planted seeds in “Bill.” Maybe I did. I let go of the results because I did the best I could.

What I know happened is that “Bill” planted seeds in me. So did Lonny. Thank you Lonny.

I thought I was the gardener, however I was the flower.

Or maybe, I was both. Maybe we all are both at all time.

http://takingthemaskoff.com/2015/03/26/helping-the-hungry-ghost/

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a jail


Psychological symptoms of stress can be hard to identify. Unless the person tells what they are experiencing, we do not have access to the inner workings of someone else’s mind but eventual clues on behavior/non-verbal language.

Behaviours very frequently related to stress are:
1. Sleeping difficulties

Sufferers of stress are unable to switch off. Sleep shortage and insomnia are often tell-tale signs of stress.
2. Non-compliance with hours and deadlines.

Timekeeping is one of the first things to suffer when an individual becomes stressed. They may take too many tasks on; try to avoid tasks and thus leave them until the last minute or they may be so overcome with worry/anxiety that they become forgetful. In order to remedy the situation, they must first identify why their punctuality is so poor. Stressed individuals tend to regularly miss work. They may be trying to avoid a difficult situation or they may be suffering the consequences of one of their coping mechanisms e.g. alcohol or other addictions.
Stressed employees are generally unhappy in their work situation. Sadly, many workplaces have not put the necessary training and procedures in place which would allow the employee to discuss their experience with their manager so that they may work together to find a solution. Rather than raise the issue, many stressed employees will choose to seek employment elsewhere.
3. Withdrawal

Withdrawal is a common behavioural symptom of stress. The individual’s self-esteem and confidence may have taken a hit and as a consequence, they may no longer feel capable of coping with social situations. In order to protect their fragile confidence, they may choose to avoid all such situations.
4. Exhaustion

If we are to maximise our energy, one of the most important things for us to do is to balance our physical energy. There will be times when we are required to work at our maximum output for sustained periods. In order to do this we must implement periods of deep rest which enables both our body and mind to recover. Failure to do so can eventually result in burnout and chronic fatigue. The stressed individual may feel like they are constantly running from one emergency to another and thus fail to take the time to rest and recuperate. Constant fatigue is often a sign that someone is overwhelmed and experiencing stress.
5. Addictive/excessive behaviour

Those experiencing stress often don’t realise that it is stress which they are experiencing. Where they do realise this, they often have no idea how to deal with stress. This can result in short term solutions which, though they have a temporary impact, have damaging long-term consequences. One of the most common coping mechanisms for dealing with difficulty is alcohol. While alcohol can have temporary benefit, it can be highly addictive and it fails to resolve the situation. Other coping mechanisms include smoking, illegal and prescription drugs, gambling, porn, sex, etc.
6. Unhealthy eating habits

Comfort food is often sought as a solution to stressful situations. Indulging in convenience foods can make you feel better temporarily and saves time, however, these foods are rich in salt, sugar and fat which can lead to obesity, high blood pressure and heart related illnesses.

While we associate comfort eating with stress, some people have the opposite response to stressful situation i.e. they avoid eating. They may be experiencing a suppressed appetite, they may have developed a negative self image or they may have developed negative associations with food. Whatever the reason, the consequences of food avoidance can be every bit as devastating as the consequences of food indulgence.
7. Risk-taking behaviour

A sudden development of risk taking behaviour can be a clear sign of stress. Individuals may be experiencing a low sense of self-worth or a lack of excitement in their lives. They need a ‘buzz’ in their life and are willing to take bigger risks in order to get that buzz. Unfortunately, they level of risk they need to take to get the ‘buzz’ may increase steadily over time. They fail to see that as the risk gets bigger, so too do the potential consequences. Gambling is a common behavioural symptom of stress, which falls within this category. Certain extreme sports and reckless driving are some of the other symptoms of stress which may fall under risk-taking behaviour.
8. Accidents

Concentration tends to suffer greatly when one experiences stress. In certain work places (generally more manual industries) this may result in a high number of accidents both fatal and non-fatal. Along with reduced concentration, the individual may also be overworked, poorly trained, displaying risk-taking behaviour or denied sufficient rest periods; all of which may be contributory factors in the stress.
9. Suicidal talk or behaviour

Stress can diminish an individual’s self-esteem and sense of self-worth to the point where they feel that they cannot go on. In many such cases we do not get the opportunity to help the individual but in some cases they do drop subtle hints of their intentions. There are courses, such as ASIST, which can help to improve your chances of spotting these signs and intervening.

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how your behavior changes your brain and vice versa


Infants are born with far more synapses than they will need as adults.

Neural network pathways that are active while learning language, music, reading, writing, and playing sports, among other skills, are biologically reinforced by modifying synapses. Unused synapses are cannibalized to save precious metabolic energy. Psychological development literally, physically, sculpts the brain in addition to modifying synapses and thereby changes biology!

Psychology normally changes our synapses by activating internal experience-dependent plasticity mechanisms.

Our brains physically specialize as we develop psychologically. This explains why it is more difficult for older people to learn a new language.

*

Our neural network understanding of how psychology changes biology prepares us to understand how biology modifies psychology.

Understanding that the synapses that connect neurons contain our memories of who we are, the people that we know, the experiences we have had, and our attitudes about everyone and everything along with how we feel enables us to see that directly modifying them with legal or illegal psychoactive substances will change our psychology.

Drugs directly modify synapses pharmacologically and consequently alters our psychology.

Pharmacological psychiatry is a relatively young field. The clinical practice of selecting the right medication to make therapeutic synaptic modifications is, by and large, a trial and error business. It can take several weeks for therapeutic effects to be noticed. Therapeutic effects are often dose dependent which means that dosage may need to be systematically increased.

*

Neural network models enable us to see how psychology changes biology because the memory formation process that drives learning and all psychological development modifies synapses through experience-dependent plasticity neuroscience mechanisms.

This knowledge enables to understand that modifying synapses pharmacologically will also change our psychology. The causal role of synapses in learning and memory make them the missing link in psychobiology and biopsychology.

Psychology will organize around the synapse when it becomes a mature natural science just as biology organized around the cell when it became a mature natural science.

http://scitechconnect.elsevier.com/the-missing-link-between-psychology-and-biology/?utm_source=socialmedia&utm_medium=neuro&utm_campaign=The%20Missing%20Link%20Between%20Psychology%20and%20Biology&sf7429087=1#.VNz4GvnF81I

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incidence & prevalence


In epidemiology the denominator is key: who is “at risk” for a particular event or state.

RATE = Actual/Potential cases

  • Rates are generally, but not always, determined per 100,000 by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).

Incidence and Prevalence

1. Incidence rate: the rate at which new events occur in a population. The numerator is the number of NEW events that occur in a defined period; the denominator is the population at risk of experiencing this new event during the same period:

Number of new events in a specified period / Number of persons “exposed to risk” of becoming new cases during this period X10^n

Attack rate: a type of incidence rate in which the denominator is further reduced for some known exposure

Focus on acute conditions

Prevalence rate:

all persons who experience an event in a population. The numerator is ALL individuals who have an attribute or disease at a particular point in time (or during a particular period of time); the denominator is the population at risk of having the attribute or disease at this point in time or midway through the period.

All cases of a disease at a given point/period  / Total population “at risk” for being cases at a given point/ period

Point prevalence: prevalence at a specified point in time

Period prevalence: prevalence during a specified period or span of time

Understanding the relationship between incidence and prevalence:

a. Prevalence = Incidence x Duration (P = I x D)

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b. “Prevalence pot”:

i. Incident cases or new cases are monitored over time.

ii. New cases join pre-existing cases to make up total prevalence,

iii. Prevalent cases leave the prevalence pot in one of two way: death or recovery

Morbidity rate: rate of disease in a population at risk; refers to both incident an prevalent cases

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12 Motorcycles That Trace the Evolution of the All-American Chopper


World News - Breaking International News Headlines and Leaks

The art critic Robert Hughes called the custom motorcycle a distinctive form of American folk art, but “I would go further,” Paul d’Orléans writes in the introduction to The Chopper: The Real Story.

He calls the Chopper “the ultimate American folk art movement, a culturally explosive mashup of particularly American traits; the cowboy/outlaw,

free of family, property, or history, free to explore endless highways, free to express one’s individuality through dress and choice of transport.”

Distinguished by its extended forks, lack of rear suspension, and tall sissybar, the Chopper was preceded by styles like the bob-job

and cut-down, and grew out of efforts to make Harley-Davidsons and other bikes lighter, faster, and more agile.

But in d’Orléans’ telling, it was more than a question of mechanics. It was the culmination of decades of motorcycle culture, spurred on

by American societal shifts brought on by World War 2, changing race…

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Evidence suggests that educational attainment may be one of the strongest correlates of life expectancy


Although U.S. life expectancy has seen significant extensions over the last century, the rate of increase has been falling behind other wealthy countries, and these trends have been worsening over the last 30 years. In addition, the United States spends considerably more on health care in comparison with major trading competitors. Most policy approaches for enhancing health focus on increasing expenditures for medical care. Yet, medical care explains only about 10% of the variance in health outcomes, whereas behavioral and social factors outside of health care explain nearly 50%. Evidence suggests that educational attainment may be one of the strongest correlates of life expectancy. As a baseline, cancer screening and optimizing established risk factors for premature death typically extend life expectancy by less than 1 year. In contrast, remediating the health disparity associated with low educational attainment might enhance life expectancy by up to a decade. Amassing persuasive evidence on the health benefits of interventions to improve educational attainment will be challenging. To address this issue, a robust program of systematic research is needed.


http://m.bbs.sagepub.com/content/1/1/189.abstract

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All Cubans have the same Apostle of Freedom, we share same meaning for “Apostle” but each Cuban has a different understanding of “Freedom” and that is why we are united but separated and Castroism will never be the answer, every Cuban knows that too


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a Washington le tiembla la mano, a Leopoldo no.


El derecho a criticar al otro se gana. Si tratamos a alguien con hostilidad, la menor observación que formulemos, le parecerá una agresión que lo empujará a resistir. Esto está tras la táctica de Obama en sus relaciones políticas, ignorando tal vez que el que necesita confrontación para sobrevivir Jamás aceptará un acercamiento amistoso aniquilador. Antes torcerá cada palabra e intento haciendo imposible el entendimiento. Hay incluso un listado de conceptos que como tatuajes ideológicos se apartan en espasmo fóbico de todo pensamiento que disienta, venga de donde venga, pués considerarlos siquiera significaría cambio, y cuando se depende en absoluto de la situación reinante, cualquier cambio es igual a debilitamiento. “Debilitamiento” inmediatamente asociado por los ideólogos a “retroceso” para Nunca cambiar. En esa situación están Cuba y otros. Crece en todas partes la gran contradicción de la gente queriendo abrirse al resto del mundo y sus gobiernos que necesitan mantenerse cerrados.
El único camino es el enfrentamiento por todos los medios, a fondo, congruente, terminar con todo aliviadero y la estructura, desde dentro comenzará a evolucionar o a hacer agua. A esto le teme obama. Dice que una Cuba inestable hay que evitarla, y se suma por tanto, a ayudar aún más a Castro.
No ha sido consistente el Bloqueo. En el entorno han habido enormes grietas que le han permitido sostenerse a los Castro. Ahora para colmo, ese apoyo del gobierno de EEUU crece, amenazando la existencia del Bloqueo, siguiendo la pueril esperanza de que esto creará mejores condiciones para la disidencia. Ya veremos que todo esto, e incluso el fin del Bloqueo es perder soberanamente el tiempo. Todos estos gobiernos asesorados desde la Habana tienen infinidad de escenarios previstos para mantenerse, todos, indefinidamente en el poder.
*
O Washington les va de frente, como hizo Leopoldo Lopez con los farsantes de Maduro y Diosdado, o el juego será más largo e impredecible. Los aliados de Washington son los pueblos secuestrados bajo todas estas dictaduras que brindan “estabilidad” No los déspotas gobiernos. Pero Washington teme al “aislamiento” y a la “inestabilidad”: Leopoldo no. Veamos a quien la historia le dará la razón.

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Millions of individuals trust the National Sleep Foundation for its sleep duration recommendations. As the voice for sleep health it is the NSF’s responsibility to make sure that our recommendations are supported by the most rigorous science


We at the National Sleep Foundation make it our mission to champion not only sleep science, but sleep health for the individual. And so, on thed eve of our 25 th anniversary, we are releasing the results of a world-class study that took more than two years of research to complete – an update to our most-cited guidelines on how much sleep you really need at each age.

Eighteen leading scientists and researchers came together to form the National Sleep Foundation’s expert panel tasked with updating the official recommendations. The panelists included six sleep specialists and representatives from leading organizations including the American Academy of Pediatrics, American Association of Anatomists, American College of Chest Physicians, American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, American Geriatrics Society, American Neurological Association, American Physiological Society, American Psychiatric Association, American Thoracic Society, Gerontological Society of America, Human Anatomy and Physiology Society, and Society for Research in Human Development. The panelists participated in a rigorous scientific process that included reviewing over 300 current scientific publications and voting on how much sleep is appropriate throughout the lifespan.

“Millions of individuals trust the National Sleep Foundation for its sleep duration recommendations. As the voice for sleep health it is the NSF’s responsibility to make sure that our recommendations are supported by the most rigorous science,” says Charles Czeisler, MD, PhD, chairman of the board of the National Sleep Foundation and chief of sleep medicine at Brigham and Women’s Hospital, “Individuals, particularly parents, rely on us for this information.”

How Much Sleep Do You Need?

Though research cannot pinpoint an exact amount of sleep need by people at different ages, our new chart, which features minimum and maximum ranges for health as well as “recommended” windows, identifies the “rule-of-thumb” amounts experts agree upon.

Nevertheless, it’s important to pay attention to your own individual needs by assessing how you feel on different amounts of sleep.

Are you productive, healthy and happy on seven hours of sleep? Or does it take you nine hours of quality ZZZs to get you into high gear?
Do you have health issues such as being overweight? Are you at risk for any disease?
Are you experiencing sleep problems ?
Do you depend on caffeine to get you through the day?
Do you feel sleepy when driving ?
These are questions that must be asked before you can find the number that works for you.

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Silvio y Pablo: La decepción de mi generación


Silvio y Pablo: La decepción de mi generación.via Silvio y Pablo: La decepción de mi generación.

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Let us sing today the hymn of life. Yesterday I heard it from the earth itself, as I came, through the darkening day, to this faithful town. Up toward those tattered clouds stretched a single pine tree, defying the storm, raising its crown to the sky. The sun broke suddenly over a clearing, and there, by that sudden flash of light, I saw arising from the yellowed grass, from among the blackened trunks of the fallen, the joyful shoots of the new pines


. That is what we are: new pines. José Martí

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“You have all been through quite an ordeal. As such, your exam is short and simple


.

The professor, frowning, says “Well? You’re late…”

The students respond “We are so sorry professor, we had a flat tire on our way here and by the time we changed it and resumed our trip, we weren’t going to make it on time. Could you find it in your heart to give us a chance to take the final on another day?”

After pausing for what seemed to be an eternity, the professor’s frown melted away, and a smile crept across his face.

“You shall have your chance. Come to the exam hall in 3 days.”

The students thanked him and left the hall, in triumph.

3 days pass and the students arrive at the exam hall to find the professor waiting with that same smile, holding an envelope. He seats each student at one corner of the large hall and gives them the exam papers, face down.

“You have all been through quite an ordeal. As such, your exam is short and simple. In fact it’s only one question. You have 1 hour. Naturally, no talking. You may begin.”

The students flip their exam papers over and read the question in terror:

“You said you had a flat tire… which tire was it?”
Written 13m ago.

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it is my determination to not contribute one iota, out of blind love for an idea into which I am expending my life, to bring to my land a regime of personal despotism, …


130 years ago, in what amounts to a resignation letter, José Martí chides the boss of Cuban army Máximo Gómez for wanting to found the new nation “as one commands a military camp,” even as he regrets the need to chastise the general:

— What a shame to have to say these things to a man whom I believe to be sincere and good, and in whom reside the notable qualities to achieve true greatness! —But there is something above all the personal sympathies that you may inspire in me . . . and it is my determination to not contribute one iota, out of blind love for an idea into which I am expending my life, to bring to my land a regime of personal despotism, …

Over the past 63 years, Martí’s land has been ruled by such regime. Cuba needs to be free from any personal or foreign power but for the will of ALL Cubans. The ones that fight for it, are also Cubans no matter where they born. The result of their effort will be the only real Free Cuba.

Martí’s dream of a real Free Cuba is yet to come.

Let’s do it!

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I wish school would teach values and ethics and morality


From a reader:

Thanks for the post. I absolutely hated going to school. First and foremost is that I have a learning disability that I never knew I had and parents that felt it was the school’s job to teach me. Second I never felt that any of the information was relevant. It is only now that I’m my thirtys that I have a desire to learn some of these things. lol. But just out of curiosity and not for me to prove myself on some meaningless test. I wish school would teach values and ethics and morality. I wish it would prepare you for the future and not just you need to know this so that we can teach you this next year and blah blah blah .. there goes 13 years of your life down the tube. almost 20 if you go to a 4 year college. I do agree that everyone person should be literate. But beyond that I think should be entirely up to the person. What do you need a college education for in a company that has you fill out forms or interact with people?

People who succeed seemed to be people who are innovative or have a drive to go to the top with nothing stopping them (lying, cheating, stealing too). Nothing honestly in my life has prepared me for life.

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Too often the lectures they listen to are boring and irrelevant to their lives. And from my experience, most of this content is simply memorized, spewed out for an exam and then quickly forgotten.


By Shelley Wright

.

Hear me out. I’m not saying that our kids shouldn’t learn to read, or do math, or develop other valuable skills. But too often, the focus of our kids’ school day is Content with a capital C, with little connection to why it matters. Instead of learning together, many of our students spend hours filling in worksheets or copying down lecture notes that they could google in 30 seconds.

SCHOOLS VALUE HOOP JUMPING

For the most part, kids who we consider “academic” tend to be good hoop jumpers. They’ve figured out the system and can navigate their way through the predictable demands of the system. But they are seldom truly engaged. Rarely are they transformed by their learning. They’re going through the motions.

I’m an English teacher, and I subscribed wholeheartedly to the belief that the pinnacle of success in English was the ability to write “the essay.” But I’ve radically changed my position. I’ve come to believe that the traditional essay is one of the most useless things we teach our students.

Recently, I’ve started to ask people I know, “Do you ever write an essay?” I’ve never had one person say yes. I wonder how many teachers, except those who are taking university classes (or writing an opinion piece like this), ever write true essays. If I may be so bold, I wonder how many English teachers frequently write essays.

I’m not saying our kids shouldn’t be able to write. On the contrary, I think our students should be able to argue gracefully and persuade powerfully. They also need to know what they believe and why. I simply think the essay is a medium that has outlived its usefulness, at least in high school.

ACADEMICS FOR THE ACADEMICIANS

I’ve come to realize that being “academic” doesn’t tell you much about yourself. It tells you you’re good at school, which is fine if you plan to spend your life in academia, but very few of our students do. It doesn’t indicate whether or not you’ll be successful in your marriage, raising your kids, managing your money, or giving back to your community. All things that matter much more than being good at school.

School should be a place where kids can discover what they love. They should be able to ask the questions that matter to them and pursue the answers. They should discover what they are passionate about, what truly sets their hearts and souls on fire. They should discover they can make a difference now. Above all, they should leave school knowing what they are good at.

Today, I think most kids graduate only knowing if they’re good at school or not. Often our students have many talents; they just don’t fit in our current curriculum because their talents are likely not considered “real knowledge.” And what is that? In the Biology curriculum that I’ve taught for the past several years, one of the objectives that my students need to know is earthworm reproduction. Really? Out of all the things we could be teaching a 17-year-old about biology, someone (a whole panel of someones, we can guess) decided earthworm reproduction was essential?

OUR STUDENTS LOSE THEIR CURIOSITY

We are born curious. Babies explore their environments to learn; they do it naturally without being told. Three-year-olds constantly, at times annoyingly, ask, “why?” And yet, by the time my students arrive in Grade 10, they have all but lost their curiosity. Consequently, when I get a new class of students, we start by unlearning.

We begin by imagining what school could be, instead of what they’ve known for 10 years. Only then can we move into the work that will help them become lifelong learners who truly enjoy the search for answers, rather than the mark at the top of their exam.

Recently I’ve been reading Amanda Lang’s The Power of Why. In it she states:

“Curious kids learn how to learn, and how to enjoy it – and that, more than any specific body of knowledge, is what they will need to have in the future. The world is changing so rapidly that by the time a student graduates from university, everything he or she learned may already be headed toward obsolescence. The main thing that students need to know is not what to think but how to think in order to face new challenges and solve new problems.” (p.14)

LEARNING HOW TO LEARN AND FAIL AND LEARN SOME MORE

Our school system doesn’t need to create kids who are good at school. Instead, we need to create an environment that engages learners, fosters creativity, and puts responsibility for learning where it belongs – with our students.

Instead of rote learning, teachers need to use content to teach skills. We need to build environments that allow our students to get messy and build things. Places where students learn how to learn, and know how they learn best. Where students engage in significant research, and learn how to identify credible resources amidst a plethora of information that, at times, may seem overwhelming.

Furthermore, our students need to be able to problem-solve, innovate and fail over and over again. Throughout all of this, our kids should be collaborating with each other, as well as virtually with students across the globe. They need to be able to communicate powerfully using the mediums of print, photography and video.

THREE QUESTIONS TO GUIDE STUDENT-DRIVEN LEARNING

As I’ve worked with my students, we’ve come to realize they need to be able to answer three questions, regardless of what we’re researching:

What are you going to learn?
How are you going to learn it?
How are you going to show me you’re learning?
How they get to this last question is often their decision. And what they come up with never fails to surprise me.

My classroom hasn’t always looked like this. But over the past three years we’ve shifted to a constructivist pedagogy that has transformed not only my thinking, but my students as well. Now we learn in an inquiry, PBL, tech-embedded classroom.

The journey at times has been painful and messy, but well worth the work. The biggest lesson I’ve learned is that my students will often exceed my expectations, if only they’re given the chance.

http://plpnetwork.com/2013/11/07/obsession-academic-teaching-preparing-kids-life/

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“Patients think that they can ‘sweat it out’ at the gym, but when the body is fighting infection, it needs rest, not exercise,” says Dr. Neides. “And when we exercise, we raise our body temperatures, and plenty of the cold and flu organisms replicate at a faster rate when the body gets hotter.”


It was said that our body answer to infection is best at corporal temperature around 38 c / 100.5 F but now…

During exercise, the body also releases stress hormones, including cortisol, which can negatively affect the function of the white blood cells that help with immunity, he says. And that’s why going to work is a bad idea. “People who are under a tremendous amount of stress can’t attack the disease as well.

Dr. Neides doesn’t suggest patients with a bad cold or flu lie prone all day. Rather, he wants them to be as still as possible in a comfortable position. “One of the many reasons we recommend ‘bed rest’ is because when you’re lying down, the blood flow doesn’t have to work against gravity,” he adds. “But any position where you are calm and inactive is fine.”

That could mean reclining in an overstuffed chair, and not necessarily the actual bed, he adds. Sitting upright, though, can make dehydrated flu-sufferers dizzy or lightheaded, and can result in nausea, feeling worse or even falling over.

“If you have a fever, you are perspiring and giving off energy. That makes it easier to get dehydrated,” he says.

Down Time
Doctors typically recommend flu patients on bed rest increase activity from nothing to some as the body tolerates it, says Dr. Neides. Once a fever has subsided and a person doesn’t feel lightheaded or dizzy when standing, a little activity can be added gradually.

“One thing I tell patients is, for every one day you’re down with an infection, it takes three days to recover,” Dr. Neides adds. “So if you’re out of commission for two weeks, it will take six weeks to truly get back to your baseline level of energy.”

Ways to get back to health include minimizing exposure, staying nutritionally well-balanced and hydrated, and not exacerbating the illness by attempting to maintain normal activity. All that leads back to staying home and doing very little.

“Whatever the organism is—bacterial, viral—it does demand energy from your body,” says Dr. Neides. “Bed rest can mean a range of things, but what we really want is for you to rest and to stay away from other people. It’s a public health issue. When I tell you ‘no exposure,’ I mean it.”

Special Cases
There are rare instances when a bed-rest recommendation means actually staying in bed all day. “If a doctor is concerned about preterm labor, bed rest means you cannot stand up more than several minutes every hour because the risk of inducing contractions would increase,” says the family medicine practitioner.

“Another example of prone bed rest would be after retinal-detachment surgery, when a gas bubble is injected into the back of the eye, like a pressure bandage. You have to be face down for about three weeks and you can stand maybe five minutes every two to three hours.”

http://www.wsj.com/articles/fighting-the-flu-when-you-need-to-stay-home-and-in-bed-1423504355?reflink=linehome

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Online petition calls for change in US-Cuba relations


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Only One Sale, so you are fired!!!



His first day on the job was rough, but he got through it. After the store was locked up, the boss came down to the sales floor.
“How many customers bought something from you today?” The kid frowns and looks at the floor and mutters, “One”. The boss says “Just one?!!? Our sales people average sales to 20 to 30 customers a day.

That will have to change, and soon, if you’d like to continue your employment here. We have very strict standards for our sales force here in USA . One sale a day might have been acceptable in India , but you’re not in the mines anymore, son.”

The kid took his beating, but continued to look at his shoes, so the boss felt kinda bad for chewing him out on his first day. He asked (semi-sarcastic ally), “So, how much was your one sale for?”

The kid looks up at his boss and says “$101,237.65″.
The boss, astonished, says $101,237.65?!? What the heck did you sell?”

The kid says, “Well, first, I sold him some new fish hooks. Then I sold him a new fishing rod to go with his new hooks. Then I asked him where he was going fishing and he said down the coast, so I told him he was going to need a boat, so we went down to the boat department and I sold him a twin engine Chris Craft. Then he said he didn’t think his Honda Civic would pull it, so I took him down to the automotive department and sold him that 4×4 Expedition.”

The boss said “A guy came in here to buy a fish hook and you sold him a boat and a TRUCK!?” The kid said “No, the guy came in here to buy tampons for his wife, and I said, ‘Dude, your weekend’s fucked, perhaps you should go fishing.

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not only free information but free food for all


Manama: Saudi and Gulf citizens have heaped praise on a man who placed a refrigerator in front of his house in the northern Saudi city of Hail and invited people to donate food to help the needy.
The open air donation would spare the needy the “shame” of asking for food, the man, who was not named, said.
The move came to national and international attention after a religious scholar, Shaikh Mohammad Al Araifi, paid tribute on his Twitter account to “the Saudi man from Hail who was engaged in an indirect act of charity.”
Writing under the moniker of “Sniper”, an online user applauded the “simple, but far-reaching idea.”
“That is exactly what we needed: A simple, but bright idea that goes a long way in helping people,” Sniper posted. “The idea should now be adopted and all large mosques in the country should place fridges to take and distribute food,” he said.
Another blogger, Abdul Rahman, went further by suggesting “the smart idea should be applied in front of all houses.”
“It is the best way to ensure that all people have access to food,” he said.

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24-year-old JOB INTERVIEW


[O]ne day there came to see me a 24-year-old–man, come from [Mexico] seeking a faculty position. His demeanor was very proper, his appearance pleasant, and his manner of expression easy and agreeable. I liked him.

I asked him to tell me who he was and what skills he had for the classroom, to which he responded:

—“I am Cuban, I’ve come from Mexico, and my name is ]osé Martí. My teaching skills . . .

—“José Martí! I interrupted. “That name is not unknown to me: I’ve seen it as that of the author of a pamphlet that speaks of the torments that the Spanish government inflicts upon the poor Cubans it sends to the work camps in Africa. Perhaps . . .”

—“Yes sir, I am the author of that pamphlet and the martyr to which it refers.”

—“Well then, Mr. Martí, your twofold worthiness as a Cuban and martyr make you completely worthy of my sympathies: You may count on the position you seek.


the article on prisoners in Habana was written 6 years before in Spain, by 18 years old Pepe. 6 years he has spent in recovering from physical illness (sarcoidosis) and lifting his family from the poverty that has killed 3 of his 7 sisters. Now, 1977, Pepe is in Guatemala, Central American Country, for the dictator Diaz expelled him from Mexico in past December, as the Spaniard metropoly did from Cuba a month before. It’s April.

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Where there is no real cultivation of proper desire, who stands to gain, really?


What is the first law of teaching, and the last? I think it is that you have to try to make them want what you’re trying to give them. There are many other things, specially when it come to actually giving what you give, but at the moment I think this is the one that draws the line between a good and a bad teacher. The teacher that made me want the thing, was good, the one that failed was not destined to succeed at teaching much. And I think that if you don’t realize this, you are bound to be bad as a teacher. A student who doesn’t need you to do that, who wants it already, will learn from you, and you can stick around in some disciplines and subjects. And bad teachers take it for granted that that’s the student’s responsibility, because who can reach into anothers heart? And they’re partly right, but no enought. I think you’re on the way to being far more successful of a teacher if you know you have to try to make them want what you’re trying to give them.

Of course there are the ethics of it, which makes me think of advertising–though perhaps that’s too much of a mix. Advertising is like evangelicalism, opportunistic about its means. It knows you have to want whatever you’re going to get, and it goes about it in the quickest way. But a teacher cannot be opportunistic. Opportunism is not wisdom, and at least teaching ought to be on the side of wisdom. Opportunism is a kind of insight about means, but without the corresponding insight of the ends. And there are ways of wanting, some of which get at the thing, some of which handle it a little while and then lose the grip of true lasting interest. Some ways of wanting are only about the subject that wants, and do not nourish in that subject a desire that corresponds to the object, but only a transitory and desultory wanting that is continually vitiated, and requires endless change or deeper perversion.


by https://unknowing.wordpress.com/2015/02/06/teaching/#like-5583

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we’ve heard too much on suicidal Martí, so let’s talk about the non-suicidal one


It is distressing to feel oneself so alive and full of tenderness and of undying kindness and to sob for hours on end,

—without my soul allowing me the right to release moans,

in this tepid atmosphere,

in this unbearable smallness,

in this monotonous sameness,

in this measured life,

in this emptiness of love that weighs upon my body, that overwhelms it, and that perennially suffocates and oppresses me within it.

Sickness of living: the sickness that killed Acuña*.

Rosario, awaken me, not as you did him, pardonable for his highness of soul, yet in the end weak and unworthy of me.

Because to live is a burden, so I live;

because to live is to suffer, so I live:

—I live, because I would be stronger than every obstacle and every force.

Letter sent by José Martí to a mexican poet for whom the poet *Acuña is believed commited suicide.

image

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13 FAMILY BLOODLINES OF THE SECRET SOCIETY (ILLUMINATI)


Arlin Report

  1. The Illuminati (plural of Latin illuminatus, “enlightened”) is a name given to several groups, both real and fictitious. Historically, the name refers to the Bavarian Illuminati, an Enlightenment-era secret society founded on May 1, 1776.

2.  The Illuminati conspiracy is a conspiracy theory which holds that           there is a “global elite” society that is either in control of the                   world or is seeking to take control of the world.

As with most conspiracy theories, beliefs regarding the Illuminati conspiracy vary widely.   One theory that they are a Satanic organization.

Here is a list of 13 family bloodline of the Illuminati from the founding in 1776.   Some of these families can be traced as far back as the 1600s.   Some are quite familiar to us here in the U.S.; particularly families like Kennedy…

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by | 2015-02-03 · 9:12 AM

It’s the economic war, stupid!


Caracas Chronicles

Ever since scarcity began, Venezuelans were presented with a new phenomenon: “economic war.” Hazily defined and poorly communicated, economic war basically says that someone – the opposition, private industry, the CIA, the Mossad, Uribe – SOMEONE is responsible for the long lines and empty shelves in Venezuela’s stores. That someone is … anyone but the government.

The latest incarnation of “economic war” points to “wholesalers.” According to the government, wholesalers are hoarding on consumer goods. The reason you can’t find cooking oil is becasue it’s stored in the warehouses of eeeeeeevillllll wholesalers. Once we do away with these folks, everything will be good.

Sadly, some in the media aren’t buying the “economic war” narrative. The latest media outlet to undermine the argument is none other than the Official Gazette of the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela.

Last week, a decree was published there saying the government was…

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80 billionaries have more money than half of humans (the list of several trillionaries is not yet available, thus nor how many humans have less money than them)


1 Bill Gates $76 USA Tech
2 Carlos Slim Helu $72 Mexico Telecom
3 Amancio Ortega $64 Spain Retail
4 Warren Buffett $58 USA Finance
5 Larry Ellison $48 USA Tech
6 Charles Koch $40 USA Diversified
7 David Koch $40 USA Diversified
8 Sheldon Adelson $38 USA Entertainment
9 Christy Walton $37 USA Retail
10 Jim Walton $35 USA Retail
11 Liliane Bettencourt $35 France Product
12 Stefan Persson $34 Sweden Retail
13 Alice Walton $34 USA Retail
14 S. Robson Walton $34 USA Retail
15 Bernard Arnault $34 France Luxury
16 Michael Bloomberg $33 USA Finance
17 Larry Page $32 USA Tech
18 Jeff Bezos $32 USA Retail
19 Sergey Brin $32 USA Tech
20 Li Ka-shing $31 Hong Kong Diversified
21 Mark Zuckerberg $29 USA Tech
22 Michele Ferrero $27 Italy Food
23 Aliko Dangote $25 Nigeria Commodities
24 Karl Albrecht $25 Germany Retail
25 Carl Icahn $25 USA Finance
26 George Soros $23 USA Finance
27 David Thomson $23 Canada Media
28 Lui Che Woo $22 Hong Kong Entertainment
29 Dieter Schwarz $21 Germany Retail
30 Alwaleed Bin Talal Alsaud $20 Saudi Arabia Finance
31 Forrest Mars Jr. $20 USA Food
32 Jacqueline Mars $20 USA Food
33 John Mars $20 USA Food
34 Jorge Paulo Lemann $20 Brazil Drinks
35 Lee Shau Kee $20 Hong Kong Diversified
36 Steve Ballmer $19 USA Tech
37 Theo Albrecht Jr. $19 Germany Retail
38 Leonardo Del Vecchio $19 Italy Luxury
39 Len Blavatnik $19 USA Diversified
40 Alisher Usmanov $19 Russia Extractives
41 Mukesh Ambani $19 India Extractives
42 Masayoshi Son $18 Japan Telecom
43 Michael Otto $18 Germany Retail
44 Phil Knight $18 USA Retail
45 Tadashi Yanai $18 Japan Retail
46 Gina Rinehart $18 Australia Extractives
47 Mikhail Fridman $18 Russia Extractives
48 Michael Dell $18 USA Tech
49 Susanne Klatten $17 Germany Cars
50 Abigail Johnson $17 USA Finance
51 Viktor Vekselberg $17 Russia Metals
52 Lakshmi Mittal $17 India Metals
53 Vladimir Lisin $17 Russia Transport
54 Cheng Yu-tung $16 Hong Kong Diversified
55 Joseph Safra $16 Brazil Finance
56 Paul Allen $16 USA Tech
57 Leonid Mikhelson $16 Russia Extractives
58 Anne Cox Chambers $16 USA Media
59 Francois Pinault $16 France Retail
60 Iris Fontbona $16 Chile Extractives
61 Azim Premji $15 India Tech
62 Mohammed Al Amoudi $15 Saudi Arabia Extractives
63 Gennady Timchenko $15 Russia Extractives
64 Wang Jianlin $15 China Real Estate
65 Charles Ergen $15 USA Telecom
66 Stefan Quandt $15 Germany Cars
67 Germán Larrea Mota Velasco $15 Mexico Extractives
68 Harold Hamm $15 USA Extractives
69 Ray Dalio $14 USA Finance
70 Donald Bren $14 USA Real Estate
71 Georg Schaeffler $14 Germany Product
72 Luis Carlos Sarmiento $14 Colombia Finance
73 Ronald Perelman $14 USA Finance
74 Laurene Powell Jobs $14 USA Entertainment
75 Serge Dassault $14 France Aviation
76 John Fredriksen $14 Cyprus Transport
77 Vagit Alekperov $14 Russia Extractives
78 John Paulson $14 USA Finance
79 Rupert Murdoch $14 USA Media
80 Ma Huateng $13 China Tech

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Filed under China, Cuba, EDUCATION, ENGLISH, España, HUMAN HEALTH, México, NADA, Podemos, PSICOLOGÍA, Silvio Rodríguez Domínguez, Silvio Rodriguez, USA, Venezuela

one in four unaware that the Earth revolves around the Sun


American said that a year ago. Based on previous reports, the U.S. made little progress — 71% of the people answered the question correctly in 2004, down slightly from 75% in 2001. At least we know that in 15 years no progress was achieved on this regard.

Also this girls believe that the earth was 2014-year-old 13 months ago:image

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Filed under China, Cuba, EDUCATION, ENGLISH, España, HUMAN HEALTH, México, NADA, Podemos, PSICOLOGÍA, Silvio Rodríguez Domínguez, Silvio Rodriguez, USA, Venezuela